Top 5 Things You Should Know About Gum Disease

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a common dental condition that affects the gums. At early stages, gum disease is easily treatable and curable. However, gum disease can lead to serious health risks if left untreated. So, it is essential to consult a general dentist in Montville, NJ, for prevention and early diagnosis of gum disease.

Here are five essential things you should know about gum disease:

1.Causes of Gum Disease

The root cause of gum disease is poor oral hygiene, which leads to tartar and plaque buildup on teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the gums and teeth, leading to inflammation and infection. Other factors that contribute to gum disease include smoking, hormonal changes, certain medications, and genetic predisposition. Remember, with increasing age, the risk of gum disease increases as well.

2.Signs and Symptoms

It is crucial to recognize the signs and symptoms of gum disease for early diagnosis and treatment. The most common symptoms of gum disease include red, swollen, or tender gums, bleeding while brushing or flossing, receding gums, loose teeth, and persistent bad breath. It is very important to consult a dentist as soon as possible if you experience any of these symptoms.

3.Stages of Gum Disease

Gum disease progresses through three different stages, including gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. Of all three stages, gingivitis is the mildest form. Usually, gingivitis progresses to the next stage, called periodontitis, if left untreated. In fact, periodontitis is a serious stage in which the inner layer of gum and bone is pulled away from teeth, which leads to the formation of pockets that lead to the collection of debris, leading to infection. The next stage is advanced periodontitis, which comprises bone loss and loosening of teeth.

4.Impact on Overall Health

Remember, your oral health is closely linked to your overall health. Several studies show that gum disease can be an early symptom of various systemic conditions, including heart disease, diabetes, respiratory infections, and adverse pregnancy outcomes.

5.Prevention and Treatment

Preventing gum disease starts with maintaining good oral hygiene practices, including brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and regular dental checkups. In addition, understanding the common causes of gum diseases, avoiding tobacco, following a healthy diet, and managing stress can all help reduce the risk of gum disease. Moreover, early diagnosis and proper treatment are essential for preventing the progression of gum disease into severe stages. So, it is always recommended to get yourself a good dentist to keep your oral health checkups and treatments top-notch.


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